Package of Practices
Name: Allium cepa
Varieties: Red varieties : Pusa Red:Globular, less pungent.
Arka Bindu:Small crimson red
Arka Niketan: globular, pink, highly pungent.
White Varieties : Pusa whiteflat; Good for dehydration. Pusa white Round: Medium to large.Good for dehydration.
Yellow varieties :
Early Grano:Large globular yellow coloured bulbs.
Brown Spanish: long day type.
Climate & Soil: It requires cool and moist period during vegetative phase and high temperature in bulbing phase. Fertile well drained loamy soil are ideal.
Season: September – October
Seed rate: 8-10kg/ha
Raising Nursery: Seeds are sown in nursery at a spacing of 15x10 cm.
Spacing: Direct sowing by broadcasting or drilling at 30cm apart is practiced in some areas.
Nutrient management : Apply N: P: Kat 150 : !50 : 75 Kg/ha
Crop Management: Irrigation required.
Pest Management :
Disease Management :
- Onion thrips : can be controlled by dimecron 1ml/l spray
Harvesting: Ready for harvest in 3-5 months after transplanting.
- Purple blotch : Spray Dithane –M-45 (0.25%) with sticker at 15 days interval from first appearance of disease.
- Stemphylium blight : Four to five sprays of mancozeb0. 3%+ Metasystox0 .05 % recommended.
Yield: 15-25 T bulbs are expected from1 ha of transplanted crop.