Name: Solanum tuberosum
Varieties: Early varieties :
Kufri Jyothi:White skin.Field resistance to late and early blights,immune to wart and tolerant to viruses. Wide adaptablity.
Kufri chandramukhi:White skinned, and has high dry matter and good keeping quality.
Kufri Bahar:Heavy yielder. Susceptible to late blight.
Kufri Sadabahar:White, oblong, shallow eyed tubers, having white flush.Has got field resistance to late blight.
Kufri Lauvkar:Rapid bulking under warmer conditions.
Kufri Badshah:Resistant to both late and early blights and PVX.
Kufri Lalima:Red tuber and resistant to virus 'X'.
Kufri Sindhoori:Essentially short day adapted variety with red tuber. Heavy yielder even on low inputs.
Kufri Khasigaro:Resistant to both late and early blight.
Kufri Dewa:Good keeping quality and resistant to frost.
Kufri Himsona:Hybrid.Resistant to late blight .Produces excellent white chips on frying
Kufri chipsona-2:Hybrid. Medium-maturing and resistant to late blight
Kurfi chipsona-3:Hybrid. Easy to cook, has excellent flavour with best aroma when boiled or baked and is free from discoloration after cooking. Seed varieties :
Climate & Soil:
Can be grown in rainshadow regions of Idukki district. A day temperature of 20-30 degree Celsius is beneficial for growth and tuberisation. Loose frible sandy loam or silt loam rich in organic matter are ideal.
March – April, August – December, January – February
: 1000-2000kg seed tubers
Tuber or cut pieces weighing 50-60 gm are planted on ridges that are 50-60cm wide, at a spacing of 15-20cm between the plants.
Nutrient management :
Basal application of FYM (20t/ha) is required at the time of field preparation. Apply 60 Kg N, 100 Kg P2O5 and 120 Kg K2O as basal. Topdressing with 60 Kg N 30 days after planting recommended.
Earthing up 30 DAP and 70 DAP required. Irrigation required.
Pest Management :
Disease Management :
- Cut worm: Dust carbaryl 105 days after planting.
- Leaf eating caterpillar: Spray carbaryl 0.2%.
- Aphids, Jassids: Spray dimethoate @ 1ml/l.
- Earlyblight:Spray zineb 2gm/l.cultivate resistant varieties.
- Late blight:The most serious potato
disease worldwide.Destroys leaves, stems and tubers.Spray copper fungicides, cultivate resistant varieties.
: Early maturing varieties can be harvested 80 days after planting and late varieties by 110-120 days after planting.
: 15-18 t/ha