Botanical Name: Luffa acutangula
Haritham:High yielding. Light green large cylindrical fruits with typical ridges and tapering towards the base.
CO 2:Green long fruits with an average length of 45-50cm. Fruits are with broadened tip and average weight of 700g.
Arka Sujat:Heavy yielder. Good market acceptance.
Deepthi:Green fruits with intermediate lustre and tapered stem-end. Field resistance to mosaic and downy mildew diseases
Climate & Soil: Warm humid climate. Well-drained sandy loam or silt loam soil.
Season: May-Jun, Sept-Dec, Jan-Mar.
Seed rate: 1.5-2 Kg/ha
Spacing: Pit size of 60 X 30-45 cm are taken at a spacing of 2 x 2 m and seeds are sown @ 4-5 per pit. Unhealthy plants are removed after two weeks and only 3 plants are retained per pit.
Nutrient management : Apply FYM @ 20-25 t/ha as basal dose along with half dose of N (35 kg) and full doses of P2O5 (25 kg) and K2O (25 kg). The remaining dose of N (35 kg) can be applied in several split doses at fortnightly intervals.
Crop Management: Erect pandals when the plants start vining.Pandals have to be erected at a height of 6-8 feet using bamboo stakes and G.I. wire. Conduct weeding and irrigation whenever necessary.
Pest Management :
Yield: 15 - 20 t/ha.
Post Harvesting: Picking should be done once in two days. The fruits are to be handled carefully to avoid damage. The fruits are then graded and packed in bamboo baskets or cartons without causing damage. Covering baskets with moistened jute bags will reduce the rate of physiological activities.